When Is Martin Luther King Day? - []

When Is Martin Luther King Day?

What day is MLK Day on each year?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martin Luther King Jr. Day
King in 1965
Official name Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Also called MLK Day, King Day, Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Type Federal
Date Third Monday in January
2022 date January 17
2023 date January 16
2024 date January 15
2025 date January 20
Frequency Annual
First time 1986 ; 37 years ago

Martin Luther King Jr. Day (officially Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., and often referred to shorthand as MLK Day ) is a federal holiday in the United States marking the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year.

Born in 1929, King’s actual birthday is January 15 (which in 1929 fell on a Tuesday). The holiday is similar to holidays set under the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, The earliest Monday for this holiday is January 15 and the latest is January 21. King was the chief spokesperson for nonviolent activism in the Civil Rights Movement, which protested racial discrimination in federal and state law.

The campaign for a federal holiday in King’s honor began soon after his assassination in 1968. President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law in 1983, and it was first observed three years later on January 20, 1986. At first, some states resisted observing the holiday as such, giving it alternative names or combining it with other holidays.

Is MLK Day the same date every year?

On January 16, 2023, the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. holiday will markthe 28th anniversary of the national day of service. This day was established to honor the life and legacy of Dr. King, and to encourage all Americans to volunteer to improve their communities.

Americans celebrated the first official Martin Luther King Day, which is the only federal holiday commemorating an African-American, on Monday, January 20, 1986. In 1994, Congress designated the holiday as a national day of service, and marking the third Monday in January every year as the Martin Luther King, Jr.

Day of Service – a “Day On, Not a Day Off.” Dr. King advocated for nonviolent resistance to overcome injustice as a means of lifting racial oppression. He created change with organized sit-ins, marches, and peaceful demonstrations that highlighted issues of inequality.

Dr. King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964; he was the youngest person to ever receive this high honor. He followed in the footsteps of his grandfather and father by entering the ministry to become a Baptist minister. On April 4, 1968, at the age of 39, he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee as he stood on the balcony of his hotel.

Dr. King traveled to Memphis, Tennessee to lead a march in support of striking sanitation workers. We remember Dr. King as a husband, father, friend, and fierce advocate for the betterment of all people. Honor his memory by organizing, volunteering, and spreading the word.

Is Martin Luther King Day a national holiday?

MLK Day of Service Taking place each year on the third Monday in January, the Martin Luther King, Jr., Day of Service (MLK Day) is the only federal holiday that is also designated by Congress as a national day of service – a “day on, not a day off.” Participation in service activities has grown each year as more Americans are encouraged to provide meaningful change in their communities.

  • Whether service meets a tangible need, such as fixing up a school or senior center, builds a sense of community or mutual responsibility.
  • In a pandemic environment, service can take on the form of sending a meal through a meal delivery service, serving as a virtual mentor, or donating money to a charitable cause to help those who lack basic essential items.

No matter the choice, service empowers individuals, strengthens communities, bridges barriers, creates solutions and moves us closer to Dr. King’s vision of a beloved community. It breaks down barriers by bringing people from different backgrounds together and it benefits those who choose to serve.

Coretta Scott King said, “The greatest birthday gift my husband could receive is if people of all racial and ethnic backgrounds celebrated the holiday by performing individual acts of kindness through service to others.” As stewards of America’s lands and natural resources, the work we do at DOI epitomizes Dr.

King’s belief in the power of service, as expressed in his legendary quote, ” We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. ” In keeping with Dr. King’s example, let us embrace the belief that our destiny is shared and accept our obligations to each other, future generations and the American people by strengthening the bonds that hold together the most diverse Nation on earth.

Why is January 15th Martin Luther King Day?

What was King’s legacy? –

King led a campaign of non-violent protests and civil disobedience in the struggle to end discrimination, including racial segregation, in the US in the 1950s and 1960s. He pushed for social and economic improvements for African Americans while also fighting for legal equality. “King was a critical force in bringing the anti-Black, racist struggles facing Black Americans to the communities, living rooms and dinner tables of white Americans who had long had the privilege of overlooking and denying its existence,” journalist Jenn M Jackson for Al Jazeera in 2021. “He did this while sacrificing his own safety and the safety of his family.” Speaking about his legacy, Taylor Branch, his biographer, told Al Jazeera in 2018: “We were on the mission to redeem America from the triple scourge of racial bigotry, of war and poverty for a largely invisible minority, to have that ambition is just stunning.”

Race was at the heart of this struggle, but the impact, Black people earned far less than white people, and King wanted to highlight that. His long-term goal, according to Branch, was to launch a Poor People’s Campaign, a multiracial effort to eradicate poverty. King led a non-violent movement. His strong beliefs in civil rights and non-violence also made him a fierce opponent of America’s participation in the Vietnam War. King’s ideas and work made him increasingly unpopular during his lifetime. In 1966, 63 percent of Americans had an unfavourable view of King, up from 37 percent in 1963, according to a, Today, he is one of the most respected people in the country.

The King Center in Atlanta, led by his daughter Bernice King, launched its slate of Martin Luther King Jr Day events on Thursday with youth and adult summits to educate the public on ways to transform unjust systems in the US. In Boston, civic organisations unveiled a 22-foot (6.7-metre) bronze statue honouring King and his wife, Coretta Scott King. According to local media reports, the sculptor Han Willis Thomas found inspiration in a photograph of the civil rights leaders embracing after King learned that he won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize. President Joe Biden became the first sitting US president to speak at a Sunday service in the civil rights leader’s church in Atlanta. During his speech, he asked Americans to look at King’s life for lessons on extremism and injustice.

Biden speaks at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, where King was pastor, during a service honouring the civil rights leader on January 15, 2023 Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies : What is Martin Luther King Jr Day and why is it celebrated?

Is MLK Day the same day?

The fight to make the Martin Luther King Jr. birthday a holiday took 32 years, a lot of campaigning, and guest appearances including Stevie Wonder, Ted Kennedy, and the National Football League. King’s birthday was finally approved as a federal holiday in 1983, and all 50 states made it a state government holiday by 2000. Officially, King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta. But the King holiday is marked every year on the third Monday in January.

  1. The King Center in Atlanta has a detailed chronology of how the efforts, starting shortly after King’s death in 1968, paid off in the long run.
  2. It wasn’t an easy task for holiday supporters, who had to push hard in Congress to get the federal holiday created.
  3. A second battle took place to get individual states to also recognize the holiday, with often emotional disagreements in two states.

Today, the King holiday serves multiple purposes: It honors the total legacy of King; focuses on the issue of civil rights; highlights the use of nonviolence to promote change; and calls people into public service. The struggle to get the holiday recognized reflects all these topics, along with some interesting twists and turns along the way.

  • Representative John Conyers introduced the first motion to make King’s birthday a federal holiday in 1968, just four days after King’s assassination in Memphis.
  • It took another 11 years to the federal holiday to come up for a vote on the House of Representative’s floor in 1979.
  • The bill needed a two-thirds majority to pass, but it fell five votes short with a 252-133 count, despite a strong organizational effort from the King Center, and support from Congress members and President Jimmy Carter.

The holiday’s supporters regrouped and intensified their efforts. Musician Stevie Wonder helped in 1981 by releasing the song “Happy Birthday” to promote the holiday. (He would later sing it at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial dedication in 2011).) The King Center kept up its efforts.

  • It organized a march on Washington that included an estimated 500,000 people.
  • Coretta Scott King, along with Wonder, presented a petition signed by 6 million people to House leader Tip O’Neill.
  • The House took up the bill in 1983 and it passed by 53 votes.
  • Democrats O’Neill and Jim Wright, along with Republicans Jack Kemp and Newt Gingrich, gave speeches supporting the King holiday.
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But getting the bill passed in the Senate would be contentious. Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina openly opposed it. At first, Helms introduced a filibuster, and then he presented a 400-page file that accused King of being a communist. Senator Ted Kennedy criticized Helms and Senator Daniel Moynihan called the document “filth” and threw it on the Senate floor.

Despite Helms, the bill passed the Senate by 12 votes—even South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond voted in favor of the King holiday. President Ronald Reagan signed the bill in November 1983. The first federal King holiday was celebrated in 1986. It took longer for the 50 states to adopt the holiday. By 1986, 17 states had already adopted it.

But there was strong resistance in Arizona to passing a state holiday. The fight between state legislators came to a head when the King holiday was put up for an Arizona voter referendum in November 1990. At that point, entertainers had started boycotting the state in protest, and the National Football League threatened to move the 1993 Super Bowl from Tempe if the holiday was defeated at the polls.

  • The King holiday lost in a two-part voter referendum and the NFL made good on its threat, taking the Super Bowl to Southern California and costing the state an estimated $500 million in revenue.
  • Arizona voters approved the King holiday two years later.
  • There was also a fight in South Carolina over the holiday.

It was one of the last states to approve a paid King holiday for state employees in 2000.

Why is MLK Day important?

The Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a federal holiday in the United States, celebrated every year on the third Monday of January to honor the life and legacy of civil rights leader Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. It’s a day that celebrates the life and legacy of a man who brought hope and healing to America.

You can attend a Martin Luther King Jr. Day events, like the ones organized by The Martin Luther King, Jr. Association of Asheville & Buncombe County or visit the Martin Luther King Junior Park, Volunteer your time. One of the best ways to honor Martin Luther King Jr. is by giving back to your community. Consider volunteering at a local non-profit organization or lending a helping hand to those in need, like the Racial Justice Coalition, Reflect on the impact of Martin Luther King Jr. Take some time to read about his life and the impact that he had on civil rights and social justice. Consider how his work has influenced your own life and the world around you. You can consult all the information and resources available at The Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute.

As we celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. day, let’s remember the powerful message of racial equality and justice that he left for us, and strive to make a positive impact in our own communities. Understanding and supporting Reparations Although we can experience different problems that can cause frustration and anger among the people, that should not prevent us from recognizing and addressing issues of racial disparities and historical disenfranchisement.

This is not a matter of choice or priority – it is a necessary step towards justice and equality. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for the rights and dignity of all people, and his legacy inspires us to continue working towards a more just and equitable world. By honoring his memory and ideals on this day, we can reaffirm our commitment to creating a better future for all.

Ay the City of Asheville, the Community Reparations Commission is empowered to make short, medium, and long-term recommendations that will make significant progress toward repairing the damage caused by public and private systemic racism. The task of the Reparations Commission is to issue a report in a timely manner for consideration by the City and other participating community groups for incorporation into their respective short-term and long-term priorities and plans.

Is MLK Day always January 16th?

Each year, the Department of Defense joins the nation in honoring the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a U.S. federal holiday marking the birthday of King. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, around the time of King’s birthday, Jan.15.

  1. This year, the MLK Day of Service will be recognized on Jan.16.
  2. The Montgomery Bus Boycott is regarded as the first large-scale U.S.
  3. Demonstration against segregation.
  4. It represents a pivotal moment in the modern American civil rights movement.
  5. Additionally, it remains one of the most powerful stories of organizing and social change in U.S.

history. In Montgomery, Alabama, segregation was a part of everyday life. Black people were faced with Jim Crow laws in parks, schools, restrooms, theaters and buses. One area of acrimony was the segregation law within the city bus system. The law stated that Black people could not sit in front of the bus, regardless of whether the seats were empty or not.

They were required to pay their fares in the front of the bus, then walk to the backdoor to board the bus. The campaign lasted from Dec.5, 1955 — the Monday after Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for her refusal to surrender her seat to a white person — to Dec.20, 1956. It ended with the United States Supreme Court’s decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws that segregated buses were unconstitutional.

By the end of the boycott, King entered the national spotlight as a civil rights leader and an inspirational proponent of organized, nonviolent resistance. The Defense Department understands that freedom, equality, and inclusion are true force multipliers and imperative to national defense and the strength of our nation.

In 1995, Congress designated Martin Luther King Jr. Day as the first and only federal holiday observed as a National Day of Service. Congress charged the Corporation for National and Community Service with leading this national effort. The MLK Day of Service is a way to channel King’s life and teachings into community action.

Each year, on the third Monday in January, the DoD joins the nation in honoring the life and legacy of King by making the holiday a day of community service – “A Day On, Not A Day Off.” Americans answer the call to action by serving their neighborhoods and volunteering their time to make a positive difference in their communities.

How many times was King put in jail?

According to the King Center, the civil rights leader went to jail 29 times. He was arrested for acts of civil disobedience while fighting for civil rights, coordinating protests and sit ins.10 Things You May Not Know About Martin Luther King Jr.

Is Martin Luther King Day every Monday?

Martin Luther King Day is observed every year on the third Monday of January — on January 15 this year. King was an influential civil rights leader — best known for his work on racial equality and ending racial segregation in the United States. His life and achievements are remembered and celebrated on this day.

How do you celebrate MLK Day?

Learn about King and the Civil Rights Movement –

Educators are invited to the 2023 Beloved Community Teach-In online on Jan.13 to learn about King and his wife, Coretta Scott King’s, legacy and how to champion the completion of their unfinished work. Register to receive lesson plans with objectives, activities, and an assessment. In addition to King, learn about other figures who have worked to expand voting rights, such as Ida B. Wells, John Lewis and Fannie Lou Hamer. Talk with someone in your community who was alive during the Civil Rights era and have them provide a first-hand account of their experiences. Stock your bookshelves with books about King, Analyze a lesser-known speech, sermon, or letter by and about King. Search the Online King Records Access Database archive. Experience King’s dynamic and powerful presence as an orator. Watch his speeches, Take a virtual tour of the National Civil Rights Museum,

Is MLK Day recognized in other countries?

Martin Luther King Jr Day – the other countries that celebrate his legacy Today commemorates the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr, a date that has been set aside in the US as a national holiday since 1983. King would have been 89 this year.

  • King stands with George Washington and Christopher Columbus as the only figures to have holidays dedicated to them in the US.
  • The day is intended to be a time for reflection and a call for social activism and community engagement.
  • Over the years it has become indicative of community and service, with Americans encouraged to put their time and money towards those less fortunate.
  • 2018 also marks 50 years since King’s assassination, lending extra weight to celebrations as many consider the progression (or stagnation) of American race relations.

Speeches, parades and events are annually held across the country, with around giving workers the day off to enjoy the celebrations. The US financial market closes for the day and museums, non-profit organisations and charities all hold free workshops, lectures and activities for the public.

Just under 500 national parks allow free admission in honour of the federal holiday — only one of four times in a year where entrance fees are waived (alongside National Public Lands Day, Veterans Day and the first day of National Park Week). Though King’s legacy is felt throughout the world, few other countries pay homage to the activist.

However Verdict found some slightly unusual places that still recognise his life and work. The city of Hiroshima is one of the few places outside of the United States that observes Martin Luther King Jr (MLK) day. The celebration came about under former mayor Tadatoshi Akiba, who annually held a banquet at the mayor’s office in commemoration of King.

  1. The observance reflects a lesser-known part of King’s work as an anti-nuclear activist.
  2. He was a fervent and vocal challenger of nuclear weapons, saying that the use of bombs such as those seen in Hiroshima and Nagasaki would turn the world into “an inferno that even the mind of Dante could not imagine.” As a featured speaker at a MLK Day tribute event in 2005, Washington, DC, Akiba said: “In Japan, we traditionally celebrate the coming of age for our young people on January 15th, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s birthday.
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On that day, I always tell our young people about the civil rights movement in the United States, to impress upon them the importance of electoral politics and nonviolent social change.

What states do not recognize MLK Day?

States that celebrate King-Lee Day – The conception of Robert E. Lee Day and its evolution was not exclusive to Virginia. Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina and Arkansas were some of the few known states that recognized Lee-Jackson Day.

And when MLK Day was declared a federal holiday in the 80s, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana would add “King,” celebrating all three public figures. Eventually, many southern states would drop Jackson’s name altogether and have two separate holidays remembering Lee and King. But as of 2022, only Alabama and Mississippi continue to recognize King-Lee Day together on one state holiday.

MLK Day, however, is an official federal holiday and all 50 states recognized it as such for the first time in 2000. This story was reported from Los Angeles.

Who made MLK Day?

On November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed the King Holiday Bill into law, designating the third Monday in January a federal holiday in observance of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The legislation to recognize Martin Luther King Jr.

Day was first introduced just four days after his assassination on April 4, 1968. Still, it would take 15 years of persistence by civil rights activists for the holiday to be approved by the federal government and an additional 17 years for it to be recognized in all 50 states. Today, it is the only federal holiday designated as a national day of service to encourage all Americans to volunteer and improve their communities.

Despite the national fervor inspired by King’s death, the bill to create a holiday in his honor languished for years with limited congressional support. However, Democratic Michigan Congressman, John Conyers, who first proposed the bill on April 8, 1968, was not deterred.

He continued to reintroduce the legislation every year with the support of the Congressional Black Caucus, which Conyers helped found. To me, is the outstanding international leader of the 20th century without ever holding office. What he did — I doubt anyone else could have done. Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) January 18, 2015 In 1979, on the 50th anniversary of King’s birth, the bill finally came to a vote in the House.

However, even with a petition of 300,000 signatures in support, the backing of President Jimmy Carter, and testimonials from King’s widow, Coretta Scott King, the bill still was rejected by five votes in the House. Republican Missouri Congressman Gene Taylor led the opposition, which cited the costs of an additional federal holiday and traditions which exclude private citizens from receiving recognition with public holidays named in their honor.

Even though it failed to pass in the House, public support for the bill continued to grow, in no small part due to musician Stevie Wonder. The Motown singer and songwriter’s 1980 album “Hotter Than July” featured the song “Happy Birthday,” which served as an ode to King’s vision and a rallying cry for recognition of his achievements with a national holiday.

I just never understood / How a man who died for good / Could not have a day that would / Be set aside for his recognition, in peace, our hearts will sing / Thanks to Martin Luther King Stevie Wonder “Happy Birthday” Hotter than July (1980) Wonder continued to spread his message with regular appearances alongside Coretta Scott King at rallies.

  • He also capped a four-month tour with a benefit concert on the National Mall, where King delivered his famous “I have a Dream” speech 18 years earlier.
  • When the bill again made it to the house floor in 1983, fifteen years after King’s murder, support was overwhelming.
  • Working together, Coretta Scott King, the Congressional Black Caucus, and Stevie Wonder amassed a six million signature petition in favor of the holiday.

The bill easily passed in the House with a vote of 338 to 90. However, when the bill moved onto the Senate, Republican North Carolina Senator, Jesse Helms attempted to dismiss the legislation by submitting documents alleging that the civil rights leader harbored ties to the communist party.

Outraged by the personal attack on King’s character, Democratic New York Congressman Daniel Patrick Moynihan threw the more than 300 page binder to the ground and stomped on what he described as a “packet of filth.” After two days of debate, the bill passed in the Senate and President Ronald Regan reluctantly agreed to sign it into law.

I would have preferred a non-holiday in King’s honor but since they seem bent on making it a national holiday, I believe the symbolism of that day is important enough that I will sign that legislation when it reaches my desk. President Ronald Regan October 20, 1983 Despite the holiday’s federal recognition, statewide observance of Martin Luther King Jr.

Day is far from uniform. Some states include additional holidays, which are celebrated concurrently with Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Arizona and New Hampshire, for example, celebrate “Civil Rights Day” and Wyoming celebrates “Wyoming Equality Day.” Other states, like Alabama and Mississippi, have combined the King holiday with “Robert E.

Lee Day” to honor the birthday of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was born on January 19. However, Martin Luther King Day has been recognized in all 50 states since early 2000. On August 23, 1994, the King Holiday and Service Act was signed into law by President Bill Clinton.

  • Inspired by King’s life of service, Congressman John Lewis and former Senator Harris Wofford proposed the legislation to encourage Americans to find common causes and methods of improving their communities.
  • In honor of Congressman Lewis’ initiative to make the Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Holiday “a day on, not a day off” the National Museum of African American History and Culture has organized donation drives to those in need and partnered with corporations to provide music, film screenings and interactive activities to the public.

If you are interested in giving back to your community this year, we encourage you to explore our website for volunteer opportunities or participate in the transcription of the Freedmen’s Bureau papers,

Is Martin Luther King Day a non working holiday?

The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is shown in the early morning light on MLK Day in 2018 in Washington D.C. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images) The Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. holiday honors the civil rights leader’s contributions to racial justice and ending violent discrimination against Black people during the 1950s and 1960s.

Dr. King is well known for his founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957 and his 1963 March on Washington, cementing his role as one of the most outspoken and famous desegregationist leaders of the Civil Rights era. His “I Have a Dream” speech delivered on Aug.28, 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, in which Dr.

King called for an end to racism, is widely considered one of the greatest speeches in American history. Dr. King went on to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 as one of the youngest recipients at the time. Four years later, he was assassinated on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel at the age of 39 in Memphis, Tennessee.

  1. Within a week after Dr.
  2. Ing’s death there were calls to declare a holiday in his name. Rep.
  3. John Conyers, who died in 2019 after becoming one of the longest-serving members of Congress, pushed for legislation to make King’s birthday a holiday just four days after the assassination.
  4. It would take nearly a decade for the federal holiday to get a vote in the House of Representatives.

In the meantime, during the 1970s, a number of cities and states moved to commemorate his birthday as a holiday. Eventually, President Ronald Reagan signed the bill in 1983 and the first federally recognized MLK Day was celebrated in 1986. All 50 states had made it a state government holiday by 2000.

Each year, the nation celebrates the late Baptist minister’s birthday on the third Monday of the first month of the new year. The holiday is observed in communities across the country with educational events, speeches, marches, volunteer drives and cultural tributes to Dr. King’s legacy. In 1994, Congress designated the holiday as a day of service, calling it a “day on, not a day off.” This year, the 28th officially recognized MLK Day will be observed on Jan.16, which means federal employees will receive the day off from work and government offices will be closed.

There are 12 federal holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Inauguration Day, George Washington’s birthday, Memorial Day, Juneteenth, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. Molly Weisner is a staff reporter for Federal Times where she covers labor, policy and contracting pertaining to the government workforce.

Is MLK Day always January 16th?

Each year, the Department of Defense joins the nation in honoring the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a U.S. federal holiday marking the birthday of King. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, around the time of King’s birthday, Jan.15.

  1. This year, the MLK Day of Service will be recognized on Jan.16.
  2. The Montgomery Bus Boycott is regarded as the first large-scale U.S.
  3. Demonstration against segregation.
  4. It represents a pivotal moment in the modern American civil rights movement.
  5. Additionally, it remains one of the most powerful stories of organizing and social change in U.S.
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history. In Montgomery, Alabama, segregation was a part of everyday life. Black people were faced with Jim Crow laws in parks, schools, restrooms, theaters and buses. One area of acrimony was the segregation law within the city bus system. The law stated that Black people could not sit in front of the bus, regardless of whether the seats were empty or not.

They were required to pay their fares in the front of the bus, then walk to the backdoor to board the bus. The campaign lasted from Dec.5, 1955 — the Monday after Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for her refusal to surrender her seat to a white person — to Dec.20, 1956. It ended with the United States Supreme Court’s decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws that segregated buses were unconstitutional.

By the end of the boycott, King entered the national spotlight as a civil rights leader and an inspirational proponent of organized, nonviolent resistance. The Defense Department understands that freedom, equality, and inclusion are true force multipliers and imperative to national defense and the strength of our nation.

In 1995, Congress designated Martin Luther King Jr. Day as the first and only federal holiday observed as a National Day of Service. Congress charged the Corporation for National and Community Service with leading this national effort. The MLK Day of Service is a way to channel King’s life and teachings into community action.

Each year, on the third Monday in January, the DoD joins the nation in honoring the life and legacy of King by making the holiday a day of community service – “A Day On, Not A Day Off.” Americans answer the call to action by serving their neighborhoods and volunteering their time to make a positive difference in their communities.

Was MLK Day always in January?

On November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed the King Holiday Bill into law, designating the third Monday in January a federal holiday in observance of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The legislation to recognize Martin Luther King Jr.

Day was first introduced just four days after his assassination on April 4, 1968. Still, it would take 15 years of persistence by civil rights activists for the holiday to be approved by the federal government and an additional 17 years for it to be recognized in all 50 states. Today, it is the only federal holiday designated as a national day of service to encourage all Americans to volunteer and improve their communities.

Despite the national fervor inspired by King’s death, the bill to create a holiday in his honor languished for years with limited congressional support. However, Democratic Michigan Congressman, John Conyers, who first proposed the bill on April 8, 1968, was not deterred.

He continued to reintroduce the legislation every year with the support of the Congressional Black Caucus, which Conyers helped found. To me, is the outstanding international leader of the 20th century without ever holding office. What he did — I doubt anyone else could have done. Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) January 18, 2015 In 1979, on the 50th anniversary of King’s birth, the bill finally came to a vote in the House.

However, even with a petition of 300,000 signatures in support, the backing of President Jimmy Carter, and testimonials from King’s widow, Coretta Scott King, the bill still was rejected by five votes in the House. Republican Missouri Congressman Gene Taylor led the opposition, which cited the costs of an additional federal holiday and traditions which exclude private citizens from receiving recognition with public holidays named in their honor.

Even though it failed to pass in the House, public support for the bill continued to grow, in no small part due to musician Stevie Wonder. The Motown singer and songwriter’s 1980 album “Hotter Than July” featured the song “Happy Birthday,” which served as an ode to King’s vision and a rallying cry for recognition of his achievements with a national holiday.

I just never understood / How a man who died for good / Could not have a day that would / Be set aside for his recognition, in peace, our hearts will sing / Thanks to Martin Luther King Stevie Wonder “Happy Birthday” Hotter than July (1980) Wonder continued to spread his message with regular appearances alongside Coretta Scott King at rallies.

  • He also capped a four-month tour with a benefit concert on the National Mall, where King delivered his famous “I have a Dream” speech 18 years earlier.
  • When the bill again made it to the house floor in 1983, fifteen years after King’s murder, support was overwhelming.
  • Working together, Coretta Scott King, the Congressional Black Caucus, and Stevie Wonder amassed a six million signature petition in favor of the holiday.

The bill easily passed in the House with a vote of 338 to 90. However, when the bill moved onto the Senate, Republican North Carolina Senator, Jesse Helms attempted to dismiss the legislation by submitting documents alleging that the civil rights leader harbored ties to the communist party.

Outraged by the personal attack on King’s character, Democratic New York Congressman Daniel Patrick Moynihan threw the more than 300 page binder to the ground and stomped on what he described as a “packet of filth.” After two days of debate, the bill passed in the Senate and President Ronald Regan reluctantly agreed to sign it into law.

I would have preferred a non-holiday in King’s honor but since they seem bent on making it a national holiday, I believe the symbolism of that day is important enough that I will sign that legislation when it reaches my desk. President Ronald Regan October 20, 1983 Despite the holiday’s federal recognition, statewide observance of Martin Luther King Jr.

  1. Day is far from uniform.
  2. Some states include additional holidays, which are celebrated concurrently with Martin Luther King Jr. Day.
  3. Arizona and New Hampshire, for example, celebrate “Civil Rights Day” and Wyoming celebrates “Wyoming Equality Day.” Other states, like Alabama and Mississippi, have combined the King holiday with “Robert E.

Lee Day” to honor the birthday of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was born on January 19. However, Martin Luther King Day has been recognized in all 50 states since early 2000. On August 23, 1994, the King Holiday and Service Act was signed into law by President Bill Clinton.

  • Inspired by King’s life of service, Congressman John Lewis and former Senator Harris Wofford proposed the legislation to encourage Americans to find common causes and methods of improving their communities.
  • In honor of Congressman Lewis’ initiative to make the Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Holiday “a day on, not a day off” the National Museum of African American History and Culture has organized donation drives to those in need and partnered with corporations to provide music, film screenings and interactive activities to the public.

If you are interested in giving back to your community this year, we encourage you to explore our website for volunteer opportunities or participate in the transcription of the Freedmen’s Bureau papers,

What is celebrated on January 16?

What’s open on Martin Luther King Jr. Day 2023? By Ramishah Maruf, CNNWire Martin Luther King Jr. Day celebrates the birthday of civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated four years later. This year, the holiday falls on Monday, January 16. It’s a federal holiday, which means government agencies, banks and many corporate offices will be closed for the day.

  • Here’s what’s open and closed on Martin Luther King Jr. Day.
  • Government agencies Nonessential government offices – such as the Department of Motor Vehicles, public libraries and city offices – will be closed.
  • State and federal courthouses will also be closed.
  • Be sure to check ahead for local guidelines.

Postal services The United States Postal Service will be closed Monday, so there will be no regular mail deliveries. Other delivery services – including United Parcel Service and FedEx will be operating – though FedEx Express and FedEx Ground Economy will have modified services.

How to celebrate MLK Day 2023?

1. Read the full teachings of Martin Luther King Jr., not just quotes or excerpts. – You’ve likely seen or heard pieces of King’s teachings on Instagram, or in speeches made by leaders and politicians. While these quotes are undoubtedly powerful on their own ​​— what makes them truly impactful is the full context they were written in.

  • For example, people will use King’s famous quote, “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character,” to advocate for “colorblindness” — or a world in which we don’t see race.
  • But this was not the point of King’s “I Have a Dream” speech at all.

The point of it was not to ignore skin color moving forward, but to recognize the ways injustices have occurred in the past — and are occurring in the present — based on the color of someone’s skin. King wanted us to recognize that systemically, people of color have been treated unjustly — and those systems uphold injustices today.

” Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” which features the often-quoted, “injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”” Our God is Marching On,” which features the popular quote, “the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.”

We’ve also compiled a comprehensive collection of King’s best quotes, including some of his more radical and lesser-known quotes that embody his mission. As a part of this, we’ve included as many citations as possible so that you can read the full context of any quote that strikes your interest.