How To Cite A Website Mla?
- 1 Do you include website in MLA citation?
- 2 How do you cite a website with no author?
- 3 How do you cite a website in text MLA 9?
- 4 Is it OK to reference a website?
- 5 How do you in text cite a website with many authors?
- 6 How do you cite if it is a website?
Do you include website in MLA citation?
A Listserv, Discussion Group, or Blog Posting – Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access.
Include screen names as author names when author name is not known. If both names are known, place the author’s name in brackets. Author or compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site, Version number (if available), Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), URL.
Date of access. Salmar1515, “Re: Best Strategy: Fenced Pastures vs. Max Number of Rooms?” BoardGameGeek, 29 Sept.2008, boardgamegeek.com/thread/343929/best-strategy-fenced-pastures-vs-max-number-rooms. Accessed 5 Apr.2009.
How do you cite a website in a paper?
Published on November 5, 2020 by Jack Caulfield, Revised on June 17, 2022. This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL.
If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date. If you are citing an online version of a print publication (e.g. a newspaper, magazine, or dictionary ), use the same format as you would for print, with a URL added at the end.
Formats differ for online videos (e.g. TED Talks ), images, and dissertations, Use the buttons below to explore the format.
If a source has two authors, name both authors in your MLA in-text citation and Works Cited entry. If there are three or more authors, name only the first author, followed by et al.
When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry: Example: All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/ Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year.
Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010). Note: Use the full title of the web page if it is short for the parenthetical citation. Articles found on the web, like the example above, are not italicized in the reference entry and are not italicized but enclosed in quotations in the in-text citation, just like a newspaper or magazine article.
Reports found on the web would be italicized in the reference list, as in Publication Manual (6th ed.) Examples 31, 32, and 33 on pp.205–206. They would also be italicized in the in-text citation, just like a book. These posts on the APA Style blog will also be helpful:
How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style Missing Pieces: How to Write an APA Style Reference Even Without All the Information The Generic Reference: Who?
Last updated: July 2020 Date created: 2009 Comment:
How do you cite a website in text MLA 9?
Library Guides: MLA Style (9th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites Created by an Unknown Author, or the Author is the same as the Website Title/Publisher “Title of Section.” Title of Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, Date of publication or last modified date, URL.
Accessed Date Month (abbreviated) Year. Note: The publisher or sponsoring organization can often be found in a copyright notice at the bottom of the home page or on a page that gives information about the site, If the website publisher is the same as the author and title of the web site, then include only the title of the web site.
Works Cited List Example: ” Athlete’s Foot – Topic Overview.” WebMD, 25 Sept.2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic-overview. In-Text Citation Example: (“Title of Section”) (“Athlete’s Foot – Topic Overview”) Created by a Known Author Author’s Last Name, First Name.
- Title of Page or Document.” Title of Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, Date of copyright or date last modified/updated, URL.
- Accessed Date Month (abbreviated) Year.
- Works Cited List Example: Morin, Amy.
- How to Prevent the Media From Damaging Your Teen’s Body Image.” Verywell Family, About Inc., 6 Oct.2019, www.verywellfamily.com/media-and-teens-body-image-2611245.
Accessed 1 Nov.2019.
In-Text Citation Example: (Author’s Last Name)(Morin)
: Library Guides: MLA Style (9th Edition) Citation Guide: Websites
Online forum, discussion group, or blog post –
|Author, A.A. (Year, Month Day). Title of post, Retrieved from http://www.xxx
|Chee, C. (2010, January 10). The most important psychology article of the 21st century: The U.S. isn’t discovering how mental illness works, it’s spreading it worldwide, Retrieved from http//www.psychologytoday.com/blog/addiction-in-society/201001/the-most-important-sychology-article-the-21st-century
Online posts from social media such as Facebook and Twitter are generally not considered to be of a scholarly nature. As such they are not covered specifically in the APA style manual. You need to provide enough information for your reader to be able to access the information. Generally this will include the author or user name, date (if available), title of post, the type of post in square brackets (e.g or ), the retrieval date and the URL. Also note that due to the nature of social media being a live update format and not about archiving, some of these pages may become inaccessible in the future.
Is it OK to reference a website?
How to cite a website Avoid point deductions in your final paper Citing sources or paraphrasing passages incorrectly are common causes for point deductions. Take just 10 minutes out of your schedule to run your paper through our online plagiarism checker and submit your paper with confidence.
- Online Sources: internet sources are quotes, pictures, recordings, etc.
- Taken from websites on the World Wide Web (cf.
- Franck & Stary 2009: 191).
- Besides this, articles from websites also count as online sources.
- When you cite a website, it is crucial to include these components: Author Surname, Name.
- Date of publication.
Title of the article. Domain. URL. Date of last access. A citation is a reference to a source of information that was used in the writing of a book, article, or research paper. Citations give your readers clear guidelines on the sources of the information used in the completion of an academic writing text.
Citations are usually written at the end of the report, usually in alphabetical order. This greatly helps the writer avoid plagiarism when writing especially long texts. Plus, it shows the readers where the writer obtained his information and they can also visit these sources to learn more about the research topic.
Every source of information used while completing an academic writing project have to be cited. This includes sources referenced from websites, online articles, journals, etc. The formatting used for referencing a website will depend on the that you’re using.
- However, website citations generally require the following information: The author(s) name(s), ‘title of the source/ web page’, title of Website, publisher or website name, date published and finally, the website URL.
- As with every other writing project that requires citations, websites can also be cited in the three major citation styles as follows: a.
The (American Psychological Association) Style: This is an author-year system of citation. It is mostly used for Education, Psychology, and Science writings.b. The MLA (Modern Language Association) Style: This is an author-page system of citation. It is mostly used for writing in the Humanities field.c.
The Chicago Style: This is an extremely flexible style of citation that combines two referencing styles (footnotes and author-year system). It is used for writing in Business, History and Fine Arts. Website citation while writing an article, journal entry, or book has numerous important functions. Firstly, it helps the writer avoid plagiarizing other writers’ intellectual property which were utilized for the completion of the academic writing project.
Secondly, it gives the writer a good way of keeping track of all information and sources referenced from websites that were used. Lastly, it also provides the readers details about where to find extra information about the research topic. Website citations are required every time information is referenced from a website for an academic essay,, dissertation, article or book.
Regardless of how insignificant or minimal the information is that you sourced from the website, a citation has to be made to avoid plagiarism. As a writer, it is your imperative to appropriately reference your sources, in order to avoid being penalized for unlawfully using some else’s work. If you want to cite a website, you have to provide a full citation in your reference list.
This example shows how to cite a website using the style:
|Website citation component
|Author of the website/article
|– Eckhoff, Luis G. – Harvard Library
|If the author is not named (Note that the information on the website might not be reliable! Reconsider citing from this website) put in the operator’s name (or domain), or “n.a.” (no author)
|Title of the website/the website article
|Citation and Research Management Tools at Harvard
|If there is no headline, use the title of the website
|Website of Harvard University
|– Use the term “Website” or “online” to clarify what kind of source you are citing – Corresponds to editors/title of an edited volume (use italics if necessary) – Include the domain in case it is a large internet portal
|Date of publication
|Yes, if available
|– 2016 – December 2016 – 15 March 2014
|– Important date; it is also part of the short reference in the text – If there is no date, use the date of your last access in the short reference
|Web address, URL
|– Shortening the URL is not permissible – Using hyphens for line segmentation can be confusing (since the hyphen is not part of the actual URL), so you should use a space after a slash and set it to left alignment
|DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
|Yes, if available
|DOI: 10.5539/ ijel.v3n3p14
|Can be used instead of/in addition to the URL
|Date of last access
|– Retrieved March 5, 2001 from the World Wide Web – Last accessed 12th Apr 2019
|– Put in exact date (day, year) in case the website is frequently updated – Keep a screenshot of the website article
In your bachelor´s or master’s theses, as well as other pieces of academic writing, you must ensure to only cite websites with academic content! Not all articles and websites on the web are suitable for academic texts. Author name & article title: If you are citing a website, it is mandatory to name the author and the title of the cited article.
URL & DOI number: Moreover, the URL is part of the citation and the DOI number can also be included. Date of last access & date of publication: The date of last access is another compulsory element when citing a website. For example: Retrieved March 5, 2019, If you can find information on the publication date of the website article you want to cite, you should include this.
Sometimes you might not be able to find a publication date. In that case, you can use the date that you last accessed the website in the short references (cf. Samac, Prenner, & Schwetz 2009: 95 ff., Szuchman 2005: 106). The table below gives an overview of the most important components of website citations, irrespective of the citation style chosen.
- The table also indicates which elements are mandatory for a full website and which are not, as well as including examples for each element.
- You will also find comments that explain the different components in more detail.
- It is necessary to name the author of the website article.
- However, you may not always find information about the author of the website contents you are citing.
In such cases, you should put in the name of the website or domain operator. If there is no information regarding the operator either, you can use “n.a.”, which means “no author”. Although the term “Harvard Style” is frequently used, it does not refer to a manual of style such as “The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association” (short: APA) or “The Chicago Manual of Style”, which you can use for reference when checking how to cite a website in that particular style.
- The term is “another name for the author/date citation system, whereby the author and date is placed in parentheses, e.g.
- Robbins 1987) to refer readers to the full bibliographic citations” (cf.
- Harvard Library 2018, Chernin 1988).
- Consequently, you can cite a website using style, which is an author/date system.
Please note: All citation styles draw on the same kind of information. What differs is punctuation and the order in which the elements are presented. Online sources and websites are increasingly used as your studies become more focused, e.g. in a cultural discourse.
In-Text/Parenthetical Citation – If no author is listed, use a shortened title of the work. Put the title in quotation marks if it’s a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it’s a longer work (such as books or entire websites ), and include page numbers (if there are any). : How do I cite a source in MLA that has no author?
What is a reference page called in MLA?
Purdue OWL Research and Citation MLA Style MLA Formatting and Style Guide MLA Works Cited Page: Basic Format
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- Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
- This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (9 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
According to MLA style, you must have a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper. All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in your main text.
A Work by Three or More Authors – List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. (Kernis et al., 1993) Kernis et al. (1993) suggest. In et al.
Et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period. If you’re citing multiple works with similar groups of authors, and the shortened “et al” citation form of each source would be the same, you’ll need to avoid ambiguity by writing out more names. If you cited works with these authors: Jones, Smith, Liu, Huang, and Kim (2020) Jones, Smith, Ruiz, Wang, and Stanton (2020) They would be cited in-text as follows to avoid ambiguity: (Jones, Smith, Liu, et al., 2020) (Jones, Smith, Ruiz, et al., 2020) Since et al.
is plural, it should always be a substitute for more than one name. In the case that et al. would stand in for just one author, write the author’s name instead.
How do you cite if it is a website?
To mention a website in general, do not create a reference entry or an in-text citation. Instead, use the name of the website in the text and provide the URL in parentheses.
Can you put a website in a citation?
Published on March 5, 2021 by Jack Caulfield, Revised on August 23, 2022. To cite a page from a website, you need a short in-text citation and a corresponding reference stating the author’s name, the date of publication, the title of the page, the website name, and the URL.
When citing a website what should not be included in MLA format?
Citing non-print or sources from the Internet – With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. While many sources on the Internet should not be used for scholarly work (reference the OWL’s Evaluating Sources of Information resource), some Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research.
- When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page.
- Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers.
- However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation.
For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:
Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name). Do not provide paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function. Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com or Forbes.com, as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com.